Maternity leave: different in different countries

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It turns out each country has its own timing of maternity leave. Employed Sweden women can take nearly two-year maternity leave, while employers provide Taiwan residents only 8-week maternity leave. This study demonstrates the timing of maternity leave and receiving benefits.

Differences were also observed in the magnitude of benefits: a woman who worked in a company at least a year, by law receives 100% wage in Europe, Australia, Asia and South America, during whole or part of maternity leave, and in other countries — such as United States, there is no such legislation.

In Denmark, Italy, Sweden, Norway and Brazil children’s allowance is the most generous. In these countries, the total amount received by women during the first 6 months after birth, will be from 10.000 to 12.500 U.S. dollars. The basis is a yearly salary of $ 25,000 dollars.

In addition, the period of maternity leave granted to women in these countries is at least 24 weeks with pay in Brazil and 96 weeks in Sweden, where women earn 80% of their salary during the first 78 weeks and a few smaller amounts thereafter.

Women in the United States are provide–≤ with only 12 weeks of unpaid maternity leave, in accordance with the Act on family and medical leave former President Bill Clinton signed shortly after his election in 1993 - if these women work in companies with a staff of at least 50 people.

Paid maternity leave, on the other hand, is usually provided as part of a program to provide disability benefits, which is funded by the employer - for example, temporary disability benefits and sickness, “- says Anne Reustle,¬† “Mercer Human Resource Consulting” consultant.

However, in some states in the U.S. this law is already changing. For example, in 2002, California passed a law establishing a 6-week paid leave for family reasons and health reasons for residents. The report also notes that, while Australian women are granted an unpaid maternity leave of 52 weeks, the total amount of benefits received by them during the first six months, is less than 500 dollars.

Russia, the Czech Republic and New Zealand also proved to be less generous than other European countries and Australia. The total amount of benefits received during the first six months in those countries - no more than 2,000 U.S. dollars in each of these countries, although in Russia a woman is granted a 20 weeks’ paid maternity leave if she has the right to State social insurance.

The culture of each country - including religion, social policy and changing demographics of jobs affect legislation on maternity leave.

The study is published in the “Principles of employment and benefits in different countries’, issued by Mercer company and provides an analysis of employment conditions and benefits in 60 different countries around the world.

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