Infertility is not a sentence?

Pregnancy & Birth Add comments

1132_7865d6983c18_b.gifThere is an exit of any, even most seemingly hopeless situation. If earlier diagnosis «infertility» was a sentence to a couple who dreamt of a heir, today almost every family has hope. Dreams come true!

Desire to have your own child is so natural! For any woman - even one that, according to doctors’ verdict, cannot have children. Today dreams come true! It happens thanks to development of new assisted reproductive technologies. Including surrogacy, which society is often very contradictory to: from full acceptance and approval to strict denial. What is it - good or evil? Let’s try to understand.

History

People faced the problem of infertility - inability to have children and continue race - since ancient times. The idea of overcoming infertility through surrogacy appeared long ago.

The first case of surrogate motherhood was described in the Old Testament (Genesis 16) - maid Hagar was invited as a surrogate mother for a child of Abraham, whose wife was unable to conceive.

History speaks of many other similar cases of infertility problems - slaves and concubines were often used as surrogate mothers in many countries around the world. Of course, at that time, it was possible to use only «Traditional Surrogate Motherhood» - father-”customer” and surrogate mother herself were child’s genetic parents - fertilization took place naturally.

The first successful artificial insemination in vitro with subsequent IVF program was appearance of Louise Brown in 1978 in England - the first «tube» child! The use of IVF, surrogacy and birth of genetically someone else’s child (gestational - “full” surrogacy motherhood) was successfully conducted in the U.S. in 1986 for the first time.

During 30 years since the birth of Louise Brown, the world welcomed more than two million children conceived in vitro. This suggests that more than two million couples were able to overcome the problem of infertility and realize their dream - to become parents.

Surrogate motherhood in the world

Surrogate motherhood program has progressed and is now executed at the highest technological level - reproduction does not already require about 600 IVF attempts, carried out for the birth of Louise Brown. But legal side of surrogate motherhood have not yet been resolved in most countries.

For example, surrogate motherhood is completely banned in Austria, Germany, Norway, Sweden, France, and some states in America.

In such countries as Belgium, Greece, Ireland, Finland, use of surrogate mothers for treatment of infertility is not regulated by law, although it takes place.

In a few countries surrogate motherhood is allowed only on a non-profit basis - without remuneration of surrogate mothers. Such law exists in Australia, Britain, Denmark, Israel, Spain, Canada, Netherlands and some states of America.

The use of surrogate mothers in treatment of infertility, including the one on a commercial basis is permitted by law in most states of America, South African Republic, Russian Federation, Georgia and Ukraine.

Surrogate motherhood: for whom and how?

When doctors approve to application of this assisted reproductive technology?

Of course, one spouse’s desire or different social motivations, such as «I am a model (an actress), I have no time to bear a child, somebody can do it for me», are not enough. Homosexual couples wishing to have their child, but not able to do so just physically are also refused.

According to legislation, the use of technology for surrogate motherhood should have clear medical indications:

• Lack of a uterus (congenital or not), or deformation of its cavity
• Heavy systemic disease, not allowing a woman to become pregnant (decompensated heart disease, liver, kidney, etc.)
• failure of other methods VRT (4-6) in the absence of future prospects.

If traditional type of surrogate motherhood, as described in numerous historical documents, existed since long ago, gestational (where genetic parents and surrogate mother are not bound by ties of kinship) can appear only in our own time - high-tech one.

Surrogate Mother. Mandatory requirements

• A woman of 18 to 35 years with her own healthy child. When a surrogate mother is married, she needs written, notarized consent of her husband for IVF program.
• Important aspect related to a surrogate mother are her moral and psychological stability and health indicators.

It is interesting

A 39-year-old Englishwoman Carole Horlok is still an absolute record of surrogate mothers, which successfully beared and gave birth to 9 babies for childless couples - 6 girls (including two twins) and 3 boys. By the way, rest between pregnancies lasted no more than 6 months. At the time of participation in the first surrogate program Carol already had two children. Remarkably, all this is happening in Britain, where only grant maternity is allowed (only costs caused by pregnancy are covered). Accordingly, no material motive is present here. What’s the point? «I just really like to be pregnant!» - Carol says. Incredible, but true.



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