How to give medicine to a baby

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Sooner or later all parents of children under 1 year face a necessity to give medicine to their child. This can be a vitaminic complex, pyreticmixture, antibiotic and many others


Sooner
or later all parents of children under 1 year face a necessity to give
medicine to their child. This can be a vitaminic complex,
pyreticmixture, antibiotic and many others.
 

Certain ingenuity is necessary for this - you know, a baby won`t
swallow a bitter pill with understanding, drinking water from a glass
after it. Here you will need even more, than mere ingenuity, parents
will need attention and caution: it`s very important to give medicine
in necessary time and appropriate dose, considering possible
interaction with other medicines and after-effects.

Non-observance of simplest rules, which we will try to formulate below,
can lead to the fact that medicine won`t have proper influence or even
bring damage.

So, RULE # 1:

Doctor should prescribe medicine to a baby.

This is a simple, obvious, but, alas, not always observed rule. It`s
good to remember, that there`re no “harmless” medicines. For example,
if you use vitaminic preparations wrongly, they can cause serious
problems (for example, vitamin D OverDose, which is used as prophylaxis
against rachitis, is more dreadful, than rachitis itself). And pyretic
remedies are used not while any temperature raise, and not all pyretic
remedies (even those, which are produced for children) are recommended
for babies today. And so on.

Many preparations can cause allergic reactions, quite often they bring
more harm because of various after-effects, than use. That`s why only
doctor can prescribe medicine for your baby, considering his individual
peculiarities and modern conceptions about expediency of this or that
preparation prescription.

RULE # 2:

Always read text on label.

No matter how often you gave your baby the same medicine, a careful
look on a label is still necessary. When you buy a medicine in a
drugstore, don`t be lazy to check integrity of wrapping, storage life,
and if you have slightest doubts, ask a doctor or pharmaceutist all
necessary questions.

In general, before you give your baby medicine, it`s useful to clear up several
questions for yourself:

-    What`s the medecine and what are its applications?

-    Can it be combined with other preparations your baby takes?

-    How often and how long should you give medicine to a baby for?

-    What are results of wrong dosage?

-    What are after-effects and how soon do they develop?

Ask questions until  all information, written on a label, becomes clear for you.

RULE # 3

Be especially careful when you choose an appropriate dose.

Safety of any medicine is provided by a correct dosage and time
interval between doses. For small children medicines are produced in
special comfortable for dosage and usage forms. As a rule, these are
drops, syrups and suspensions. To give your baby a liquid medicine, you
can use special medicine plastic cups, syringe without needle, dropping
bottle, measuring spoons.

Please, don`t use covers - a tea (dessert, table) spoon is not meant
for measuring necessary millilitres of a medicine. And another thing.
Always use that measuring device, which is staffed with a given
medicine, not the one you have in your medicine chest. Sometimes they
use suppositories (they are inserted in a rectum) or mini-enemas to
give a medicine.

Such form is comfortable, for example, if a baby`s high temperature is
accompanied by vomiting, and medicine, administrated orally, doesn`t
reach an object obviously. This method has its disadvantages too: while
diarrhea or, on the contrary, accumulation of dejections in a rectum
absorption of a medicine is broken. Besides, the older a baby is, the
more emotionally he treats this procedure.  

SEVERAL WORDS ABOUT PROCEDURE OF GIVING MEDICINE ITSELF

1.    Don`t raise your voice, be insistent, but tender. Observe that your pose and
motions are calm and relaxed.

2.    Play with a baby before you give him medicine.
While playing, you can take the position, which seems most comfortable
for you.

3.    Don`t fulfil any preparations at your baby`s
presence, probably, he`ll be discontented and angry on you. Stay calm
and kind, try to attract his attention with some other thing.

Dropping bottle. This safe and comfortable device especially suits
babies, who cannot drink from a cup yet. It`s better for it to be
situated on your eye-level, so that you could count quantity of drops
exactly.

Measuring spoons and cylindrical measuring spoons. They are good to
give medicine to babies, who already can drink from a cup, but can
spill medicine. Cylindrical measuring spoons give you a possibility to
determine accurate quantity of preparation, counted basing on a baby`s
weight.

Measuring cups. They suit babies, who can hold a cup in hands and drink
from it, not spilling. Check carefully, whether you measured an
accurate quantity of a medicine - put a cup on a flat surface and check
with a mark on its wall.

Suppositories. They often recommed to keep suppositories in fridge.
Before you use a suppository, take it out from fridge, and wait until
it warms up to room temperature. Then open a packing (hands should be
clean), put a suppository on a clean plate or tissue (don`t take a baby
and then try to extract a suppository from a packing brokenly).

Put a baby on a left side, press his knees to his belly with your hand,
use other hand to pull apart buttocks and insert a suppository in anus
(this procedure will be more comfortable, if two adults fulfil it - one
holds a baby, and other is completely busy inserting a suppository).
Suppository should completely “dissapear” in anus, however, you
shouldn`t push it with your finger as far as you can. Administration of
medicine with help of enema is carried out in a similar manner.

Pills. Pound a prescribed dose between two spoons, stir in a breast
milk or formula (or just in boiled water) and offer medicine to a baby
in such form. While doing this, you should distract your baby, telling
him something calming and, by chance, touching his forehead and nape,
and then squeeze his cheeks with your fingers quickly - his mouth will
open, and you will be able to direct medicine to its destination. Some
parents` mistake is their “rationalization”: for example, a wish to
hold their baby`s nose - then he will open his mouth perforce, where
they will be able to put a spoon with medicine.

Never do this! A baby can just choke. By the way, when you give a
medicine, don`t use a baby spoon, which you usually use to feed your
baby. A baby can fix all negative emotions, connected with forced
pushing of a medicine, in his memory, and will start refusing from
feeding further.

If a doctor prescribed a very small dose (for example, half of a pill),
you can act this way: fill in a syringe with 5 millilitres of boiled
water, empty contents in a cup, then pound a whole pill and dissolve it
there, and then fill in a syringe with 1 ml of this solution. Now
dosage is strictly observed! You only have to pour 1 ml from a syringe
into a spoon and give medicine to a baby.



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