Juice: supplemental feeding in the first days of life!

Baby Nutrition Add comments

You cannot believe, but your baby is finally old enough for his first supplemental feeding - juice? Well, you will have to believe, and then go to buy the most appropriate and wholesome one for him


You cannot believe, but your baby is finally old enough for his
first supplemental feeding - juice? Well, you will have to believe, and
then go to buy the most appropriate and wholesome one for him. You
don`t know what to choose? Which juice is better, is there any
difference between them, how much juice a baby should drink at a time?
While choosing a drink for a baby, a mother should come to know the
particulars of huge assortment of juices.

Being 4 months, a baby becomes acquainted with the first product of
supplemental feeding - juice. Why in this age? A baby is just starting
growing intensively during this time. Mother`s milk is not already
enough for him! And juices contain the biggest quantity of vitamins and
minerals. Well, besides, juice is as liquid as breast milk, easily
assimilable, enriches a baby`s food allowance with new wholesome
nutrient materials.
Juices contain natural sugar from fruits, which fill up energetic costs
of baby organism. They are also rich in organic acids (apple, lemon and
others), having an ability to influence processes of digestion.

Juices contain significant quantity of potassium (up to 150mg/100ml)
and iron (up to 2mg/100ml). There`re few of other saline minerals and
microelements in juices.

First of all

You should include juices in food allowance of babies, being on
combined and partial breastfeeding, not ealier than in 4 months, and in
earlier age ( in 1,5-2 months) - for babies, being on artificial
feeding. Babies, receiving only mother`s milk, even without additional
liquid, should start taking juices, like other sorts of supplemental
feeding, not ealier than on 6th month. You can include juices in your
baby`s food allowance only according to a doctor`s recommendation.

When you choose a drink, pay attention to its composition. The first
supplemental feeding should be of one sort of fruits (berries), a
so-called mono-component one. These can be juices of apples, pears,
black currant, peaches, cherry. At the moment of first acquaintance a
baby should be absolutely healthy, he should not suffer from any
intestinal constipations or problems with stool.

Inclusion of a new kind of product  - one-component drink -
provides sparing treatment of still immature and imperfect baby`s
alimentary canal. A baby`s intestinal mucous membrane has a heightened
penetrability for nutrient materials, a number of digestive enzymes is
absent, immune system is imperfect. A new product is a relatively alien
element for a baby. That`s why you should be careful, as it`s so easy
to bring harm to a baby health because of wrong inclusion of a new
product at first.

If your baby suffers from food allergy, gastroenteric upsets, then
usage of mono-juices will provide quick revelation of fruits, berries
and vegetables, causing negative reactions of his organism. To avoid
negative after-effects, such products are excluded of a baby`s food
allowance and included later. Pediatrists and dietitians offer firstly
inclusion of green apple juice. They are digestible and seldom cause
allergic reactions. Start with minimal dose - A? of tea-spoon. If
everything is ok - the following day you can give a baby A? of tea-spoon
after one or two feedings. The quantity of juice increases and during
5-7 days is up to 20-30 ml (4-6 tea-spoons at 2-3 times), little by
little increase quantity up to 30-50 ml, by 5-6 months of life, and up
to 100 ml - by the end of first year.

After a baby gets used to an apple drink, you can include other juices
in his food allowance (in following order) - pear, plum (white sorts),
apricot, later cherry, black currant, cranberry, carrot, cabbage and
beet juices. This should be done by turns, starting from small
quantities and paying attention to a baby`s reaction to them. At 5
months offer him combined juices, for example, apple with pumpkin or
peach.

Remember also about influence of some juices of processes of digestion.
For example, cherry, pomegranate, black currant and bilberry juices
contain tanning agents and have a constipating effect. They are
especially useful for babies with unstable stool. Cabbage and beet ones
have laxative effect, they are good for babies, suffering from
constipations. Grape juice should be only of special sorts of white
grapes without sugar addition. Carrot and apricot juices contain much
beta-carotene - provitamin A.

When you choose the first supplemental feeding for your baby, remember,
that juices can also be clarified and pulpous. Latest are rich in
pectin, able to lead out various metabolic-waste products and toxic
substances from organism. Moreover, juices with pulp contribute to
development of masticatory mechanism. Another advantage of such juices
is the fact that they improve motor function of alimentary canal and
make food transit through intestines easier. That`s why they are
especially useful for babies, suffering from constipations.

However, it`s better to start acquaintance with clarified juices. And
when a baby gets used to them, you can give him pulpous juices.

Juices can be with sugar addition and without it. Usually babies stand
sugar-free juices better. So, when you give a natural juice, don`t
sweeten it. Excessive quantity of sugar can intensify processes of
fermentation in intestines and cause an abdominal distention and gripes
in a baby. In their turn, juices can be natural, without any additions,
or with sugar, citric acid, vitamin C, iron and some other natural
fruit flavoring matters addition, received accoring to a special
technology.

When you choose juices for a baby, you need to consider their
peculiarities and baby health. Thus, babies, disposed to allergic
reactions, should not take citrus, raspberry, strawberry, tomato,
carrot juices and also juices of tropic fruits (mango, kiwi, guava).
Multi-fruit drinks should be included only after a baby got used to
each ingredient. In this case allergy won`t affect your baby.

Many juices are enriched in vitamin C from 15 to 50 mg/100 ml, what
provides from 30 to 100% of daily necessity in this vitamins for babies
of first year of life.

Squeeze or buy?

If your baby refuses from bought juices and you have to cook them by
yourself, you need to observe following simple rules. Wash dishes (it`s
better to use plastic dishes, otherwise contact with steel withh
destroy vitamin C) and covers you use carefully. Choose only
high-quality fruits, theh wash them carefully, and rinse with boiling
water. It`s better to use cooking battery made of highly glazed
pottery, porcelain, glass, and also spoons - of stainless steel or
silver. Aluminium or plastic covers should be avoided. You can cook
drinks using a juicer or grate and squeeze through gauze (which you
should wash, boil, iron every time and keep in sterile vessel).
Moreover, it`s practically impossible to cook a home-made juice without
pulp, and this means that vegetable fibre will stay in a drink. You
should cook it right before feeding.

Moreover, mothers should know that fresh apple juice should be
necessarily diluted with water. If you don`t do this, then drink turns
out too concentrated, it can make an irritating influence on gastric
mucosa. And penetration of even minimal quantity of fibres (because
they contain cellulose and pectin), increasing motion activity of
intestines, can serve as a reason of liquid stool. Unfortunately,
parents cannot warrant that fruits and vegetables they buy are of
high-quality. They can contain lead, cadmium and pesticides.

Manufactured juices guarantee safety. Although in the process of heat
treatment ascorbic acid is destroyed, they superinduce it in children`s
juices. That`s why it`s difficult to say what is more useful for a
baby: manufactured juice, with added ascorbic acid, or fresh one.
Moreover, parents can be assured that manufactured juices contain no
synthetic colorants, flavoring matters, stabilizers, as it`s
prohibited. When you choose a juice, read everything that is written on
its label carefully.

Remember, with juice and puree you just supplement a baby`s dinner,
i.e. you should give him breast or bottle after supplemental feeding.
In the first case a baby will understand himself how much he should
eat. And if a baby is on formula, parents should pay attention to it:
juice is not included in the volume of eaten food, and portion of puree
reduces quantity of milk a little.

Dietitians recommend manufactured infant food for babies - this is an
approved, ecologically clean primary product without preservatives. You
shouldn`t use usual fruit juice in packs - only juice for infant food!
2-3 weeks after a baby gets used to juice, offer him fruit puree. Schedule of
inclusion of puree is the same, as with juices.

As fruit puree is meant not only for the smallest ones, who cannot chew
yet, but also for those who already mastered this science, canned
feeding can be of three stages of decomposition. The first stage (label
should say “homogenized”) - is an overground product meant for babies
from 4-4,5 months to 6 months, second stage (puree dish) - before 6-9
months, third stage (large ground product) - since 9 months.

Cooking at home

Fresh apple juice

Wash fresh ripe apple without spots, rinse with boiling water, peel
off, grate, put on sterile double gauze and squeeze with a stainless
steel spoon in a boiled cup. Cook just before use.

Composition: apple - 100 g
Outlet: 50 ml.

Carrot juice

Wash
carrot carefully using a brush, peel off, rinse with boiling water,
grate small, squeeze juice using juicer or through sterile gauze.

Composition: carrot- 120-130 g
Outlet: 50 ml.

Orange, mandarin, lemon, grapefruit juice


Wash a ripe orange (mandarin, lemon, grapefruit), rinse with boiling
water, cut in two and squeeze juice using juicer. You can divide a
peeled off fruit in segments, take out seeds and squezee juice through
sterile gauze. You can add sucrose syrup to your taste in ready juice.
Dilute lemon juice with boiled water in proportion 1:1 or 2:1.

Composition: orange (mandarin, lemon, grapefruit) 80-90 g, sucrose syrup (if necessary)
3-5 ml
Outlet: 50 ml.


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