Pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases



Infections or diseases transmitted from one person to another during sexual contact are called sexually transmitted diseases. These infections may become a reason of sterility, and also can bring harm to developing fetus. Probability of infection with such diseases is determined by a type of contraceptives you use. Contraceptives reduce risk of infection.
 
Risk of catching sexually transmitted disease increases, if you have several sexual partners.
If in past you had some sexually transmitted disease, or you think you have it now, consult your doctor. You should cure this disease before pregnancy, not on its first terms.
 
Inflammatory diseases of small pelvis organs
 
Most popular sexually transmitted diseases, - are clamidiosis and gonorrhoea. These infections can be very serious and become a reason of inflammatory diseases of pelvis organs, such as adnexitis. These diseases are very serious, as infection comes from external sexual organs and cervix of the uterus and affects Fallopian tubes and ovaries. As a result of inflammatory process, commissures are formed on tubes, embolism of tubes is also possible, what can lead to sterility. Moreover, this infection may contribute to development of abdominal pregnancy.
 
Genital herpes
 
Genital herpes is an infection, localized in vagina or in the area of big and small vulvar lips. Infection usually takes place during sexual contact with a person, who is a carrier of herpes virus. There are no common methods of herpes treatment, so it has recurrent form. It disappears, and then appears again months or years later, when immunity system of organism becomes lower because of some reasons.
 
Infection of a baby takes place during delivery, when he comes through maternal passages. Herpes may become a reason of serious diseases of a baby, affecting predominantly central nervous system.
If you ever had genital herpes, tell doctor about it, as in this case you will probably need to pass medical inspections during pregnancy for several times.
 
Genital warts
 
Virus of human papilloma requires more and more attention. It becomes a reason of appearance of genital warts, called also condylomas. Usually they are sexually transmitted (including oral and anal sex). Genital warts should be cured. If they appeared during pregnancy, they expand very much and can become an obstacle during delivery. Many researchers are sure that this virus is a reason of anomalous smears and cancer of cervix.
 
Syphilis
 
Syphilis is still a serious sexually transmitted disease, although it is met not so often. Syphilis is passed to fetus through motherís blood. Sometimes syphilis becomes a reason of miscarriage or delivery of a dead baby. As a rule, test on syphilis is made in the very beginning of pregnancy.
  
HIV and AIDS
 
HIV and AIDS become increasingly fearful threat for women. HIV and AIDS are abbreviations, which are decoded like: HIV - human immunodeficienct virus, AIDS - acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV destroys immune system Ė protection of organism, it makes you unprotected in front of various diseases. If you are infected with HIV, then any serious disease, any infection causes AIDS.
 
AIDS leads to lethal outcome almost always. It is passed both to your sexual partner and developing fetus.
If a woman is infected with HIV, but disease has not gone too far, then, in general, she has chances to bear pregnancy and delivery successfully. Probability of infection during pregnancy or breast feeding for a baby, whose mother is infected with HIV, is 20-30%. Modern researches show that a woman, suffering from AIDS, has more chances to give birth to a healthy baby, if she takes azidothymidine.
 
Anti-bodies, contained in blood of an infected mother, come to a babyís blood, thatís why all new-born babiesí HIV tests are positive. It is possible to receive an exact result, when a baby is 15-18 months.
 
Protection against sexually transmitted diseases
 
Planning and preparation for pregnancy includes protection against sexually transmitted diseases. In this protection usage of contraceptives will help you, regardless of type of other contraceptives you use, and limitation of number of your sexual partners. Moreover, you should be sure that your partner does not lead confused sexual life. If you have some sexually transmitted disease, consult a doctor surely. 



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