Belly Size During Pregnancy

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Sometimes it seems for pregnant women that their belly is growing before their eyes, or, on the contrary, it`s almost unnoticeable. Let`s read experts comments on this question


 


Sometimes it seems for pregnant women that their belly is growing before their
eyes, or, on the contrary, it`s almost unnoticeable. Let`s read experts comments
on this question.

- Which factors sizes of belly during pregnancy depend on?

- Height of belly, i.e. height of uterus normally corresponds to the
term of pregnancy. For example, on 32nd week of pregnancy it should be 32-33 cm. And volume of belly depends on a woman`s
individual peculiarities. Sometimes anatomic structure affects it: miniature women
with slim pelvis have bigger belly, than tall women with full thighs have. But
most of all growth of belly is connected with pregnant woman`s general weight
gaining. This is the factor which a woman should always pay attention to.

- Which weight gaining is considered to be normal?

- Every woman has her own individual norm. It depends on index of body
mass, which can be calculated according to a special formula. Divide weight in
kg on height in square meters. Normal index is from 19,8 to 25,9. If you`re expecting
twins, add at least 2,3-4,6 kg to this figures.
Majority of women gain 40% of weight during the first half of pregnancy, 60%
- during the second. If a woman had normal weight before pregnancy, then in the
first term she may gain 1,5-2 kg, during the second - 0,5 kg a week, and for the
whole 9th month - no more than 0,5-1 kg. Weight should be increased evenly and little
by little. Normal baby`s development depends on this.

- What are the dangers of overweight?

- If a woman gained too much weight, both she and fetus may experience
troubles. Excessive weight gaining - is one of the symptoms of late toxicosis,
unhealthy state of a pregnant woman. Late toxicosis may lead to development of
miscarriage threat. Under such circumstances, a woman begins feeling pains in
waist and lower part of belly. In extremely serious cases premature delivery or
premature placenta exfoliation may take place.
Moreover, overweight makes muscles work difficult. It also leads to edemas on
feet, front abdominal wall, hands. Back and calf-leg muscles begin aching, blood
circulation in legs` veins is gets broken, varicose disease becomes more intense.
Pregnant woman gets tired more often and strong, becomes irritable. As for fetus,
late toxicosis may cause chronic anoxaemia and even pre-natal death. Very full
women`s risk of such complications is higher.

- What can cause extremely quick weight gaining during pregnancy?

- Sometimes those who like eating well gain weight quickly. However,
moderation in eating still doesn`t guarantee normal weight. Too much liquid may
accumulate in some women`s organisms - for example, when kidneys work not well
enough. So, if a pregnant woman gains weight too quickly, she should check quantity
of liquid she drinks and evolves for day-and-night. Healthy woman evolves more
liquid, than she drinks. And accumulation of liquid in organism leads to overweight.
Then not only external organs, but also internal become swollen. Placentas` edemas
are especially dangerous: they break normal fetus development.

- How can a pregnant woman get rid of edemas?

- While visiting maternity welfare centre, she should pay careful attention
to recommendations concerning regimen of nutrition, which a doctor will give to
her. As a rule, doctors advice all pregnant women to limit salt, piquant, fried
and fat products consumption. The matter is that these products contribute to
liquid accumulation in organism and lead to edemas. Once in 10 days it is recommended
to arrange fasting days. Of course, this doesn`t mean a pregnant woman should
go without food. Hunger is categorically contra-indicated to a future mother.
During fasting days a pregnant woman should restrict herself with certain products,
for example, apples, cotton cheese, kefir, meat in strictly determined quantities.
Moreover, she should observe confinement to bed - this improves liquid excretion
out of organism. Diuretic herbs also help a lot. However, she shouldn`t restrict
quantity of liquid drunken suddenly. She should drink no less than 1,2-1,5 liters
per day-and-night.
- It turns out that it`s rather simple to struggle with edemas?

- Unfortunately, not always. Weight gaining depends on kidneys` work
in many aspects. Thus, for example, weight is gained quickly if a woman has chronic
urolithiasis, chronic pyelonephritis. Sometimes pyelonephritis appears already during pregnancy. As hormonal background is changing during this
period. Organism begins producing more of a hormone, contributing to urinary tracts
dilation. And various infections come to kidneys through these open gates. That`s
why all pregnant women should pass bacteriological test of vagina`s excretions,
control urine analyses constantly.

- What if a pregnant woman has too big fetus and this explains her overweight?

- Such thing happens sometimes. But this may testify of another problem.
Very often women suffering from diabetes have big fetus. If a woman herself was
born being big, then she needs to check sugar content in blood and urine, as diabetes
can proceed also in latent form. Sometimes diabetes appears already during pregnancy.
Again because of hormonal background change. Such pregnant women are in a risk
group - even if heightened sugar content was shown only on one of several tests.
By the way, overweight during pregnancy often force accoucheurs to use Cesarean
section.

- On which terms sudden weight gaining is specially unwanted?

- Excess weight gaining is especially dangerous in the second half of
pregnancy, to be more exact, since 20th week. And the earlier such complications happen, the more difficult confinement
a woman will have.
That`s why we recommend women to take care of their weight, take arterial pressure
on both hands and urine tests. If a woman has late toxicosis, as a rule, her blood
pressure increases and albumen appears in urine. If all 3 symptoms are found -
edemas, heightened blood pressure and albumen in urine - a woman is urgently hospitalized.

- Probably my question will surprise you. Is it possible to “adjust”
a size of fetus somehow?

- I think, yes. Balanced nutrition, including products, rich in animal
and vegetable proteins, vitamins, minerals, is necessary for this. A woman should
take vitaminous preparations for sure. Of course, these are copy-book truths,
but a woman observes these rules not always, for this or that reason.

- Apparently, size of belly depends also on quantity of amniotic fluids?
Does liquid a woman drinks influence them?

- No. Reasons of excess of amniotic fluids are quite other: diabetes,
anomalies of fetus development, Rhesus-conflict, infectious complications. If
a woman has little amniotic fluids, this quite often means she will give birth
to a post-mature baby.

- Probably, too small belly is better, than too big?

- No, I wouldn`t say that. Insufficient weight gaining often leads to
defect of fetus development, giving birth to a very small baby, premature birth,
and sometimes even to death of a new-born. Pregnant women should strive for “golden
middle”.
By the way, American scientists noticed that women with optimistic view on life
give birth to babies of small weight less often. Experts explain that optimist
women take care of their health better: do exercising regularly and eat well.

- Is there a straight dependence between a pregnant woman`s emotional
state and excess kilograms?

- Probably, there is. You know, being under stress situation, some women
begin eating any food they see and emptying fridge. Here goes excess weight. And,
on the contrary, other women just cannot eat at all in stress situation. That`s
why it`s so important for close people and future mother herself to take care
of her stable, calm emotional mood.

Approximate allocation of weight gained during pregnancy
Baby 3,5 kg
Placenta 0,675 kg
Amniotic fluid 0,8 kg
Increased uterus 0,9 kg
Breasts 0,45 kg
Volume of mother`s blood 1,5 kg
Intracellular fluid of mother 1,4 kg
Adipose cellulose of mother 3,25 kg
GENERAL WEIGHT INCREASE 11,9 kg


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