Facts about breast milk

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There`re certain diseases, under which children need a special feeding. One of them is lactase deficiency. This pathology is also called alactasia (a slight form - hypolactasia). It is characterized by the fact that organism feels an acute need for lactase - a ferment that contributes to splitting of basic carbohydrate of mother`s milk - lactose.


 There`re certain diseases, under which children need a special feeding. One of them is lactase deficiency. This pathology is also called alactasia (a slight form - hypolactasia). It is characterized by the fact that organism feels an acute need for lactase
- a ferment that contributes to splitting of basic carbohydrate of mother`s milk
- lactose.

 
Nutritious substances, contained in milk, are split by special ferments to simpler
molecules, to help baby`s organism to assimilate milk. Ferments are situated in
spittle, digestive juices, bile, are produced by pancreas and fibers of intestinal
wall. Small children`s ferments` activity is not very high, as a rule, and increases
in the process of their development. Under negative influences on a baby`s organism,
a baby`s enzymatic systems become weak, and milk is digested worse.
 
The main energetic and structural part of breast milk is lactose. This is milk-sugar,
which is a main substance in babies` nursing. Lactose is split by a special ferment-lactase
- on smaller components, and due to this factor they can be absorbed by blood.
If lactose doesn`t split, it is left in bowels, causing dilution of stool and
increase of aerogenesis. This way, auspicious conditions for propagation of pathogens
appear.

Lactose intolerance can be primary and secondary. Primary one is caused by genetic defect and isn`t connected with a baby`s sex.
It becomes apparent during transfer of changed gene to a baby from a father or
mother.

Secondary lactase deficiency is more widespread, mainly hypolactasia. The reasons
of its appearance may be: immaturity of enzymatic systems of alimentary canal
of premature and slowed babies that passes with time; a baby`s treatment with
antibiotics and hormones; keen intestinal infections; general serious diseases;
allergy on proteins of cow`s milk and herbs.

Lactase deficiency becomes apparent since first days and weeks of baby`s life
with frequent, liquid, foamy stool with strong musty smell; gripes, tummy-rumbling
and swelling, which appear 10-20 minutes after nursing. Sometimes frequent posseting,
retching and weight loss take place.

Certainly, a doctor diagnoses a baby relying on parents` words, results of faeces
tests and provocative test with lactose. As a reason of liquid evacuation under
lactose deficiency - is a defect of lactose digestion, then the basic method of
treatment is diet therapy with restriction of products, rich in milk-sugar. These
are usual adapted or non-adapted milk formulas, sour cream, milk paps, puddings,
acidophilin. Particularized manufactured products - low- and delactosed - take
central place, especially for children before 1 year.

Low-lactosed formulas are mostl often recommended while secondary lactase deficiency; delactosed - while primary. If a baby shows sings of defect of digestion and absorbing
nutritious substances, particularly fats, he gains weight slowly, is physically
backward other babies, has unsteady excrements for a long time, then you can use
delactosed formulas, based on hydrolyzates of protein.

Transfer of children on recommended formulas should be executed during 2-3 weeks. Change half of volume of nursing for breast feeding babies, and change formula
completely for forced feeding babies. On 2-4th day a baby calms down, stops throwing
up, diarrhea and wind disappear and, and since 5th day a baby begins gaining weight.
If you use supplemental feeding without milk, then take care that ration of a
baby`s feeding is various and balanced. As for dairy produce, you can give also
yoghurts, containing live bio-cultures, and cheese. It can be digested even under
lactase deficiency. While prolonged milkless diet you need to add calcium to baby`s
food.

While hypolactasia, a full recovery can be reached for 2-3 months, as under this disease, lactose is accumulated in baby`s cells in much more
toxic concentrations, and more time is required to clean organism. After control
tests, you can carefully add food, containing lactose, in your baby`s ration.
Write down a kind of supplementary feeding, its quantity and reaction of organism
in a special food journal.

And the last thing young mothers should know. Not only lactose deficiency can serve as a reason of pains in stomach, posseting
and diarrhea, these can be also intestinal infections, dysbacteriosis, wrong choice
of supplementary feeding.
So, you need to consult a professional to diagnose your baby and choose a method
of treatment. Your task is to keep your baby to a diet, prescribed by doctor,
keep a food diary and create comfortable conditions for your baby. Then recovery
will surely come quicker and disease will probably go away for ever.

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