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Developing a baby from 2 to 3 months old (Part 1)
Your baby’s success in an emotional sphere appears in a bright reaction to a
tender conversation and look of a beautiful toy. A baby smiles, moves his hands,
legs and tries to say something.
Your baby can perceive emotions delicately. You will make certain of this during
the following game. Mother sits on a bench near baby’s cot, so that a baby wouldn’t
see her. Grown up one should see baby’s face well. Beforehand, remove all objects,
which can distract his attention, from baby’s sight. Grown up person sings a sad
melody (you may use both classical music and folk songs without words) and observe
a baby. As a rule, baby stops moving, becomes silent, listening to a melody. Then
his look becomes offended, sad, nooks of his lips go down and a baby is ready
to burst into tears. You shouldn’t make a baby cry, change a sad melody for a
merry one at once. At the same time, it’s important for a melody to sound with
an equal power of phonation, neither loud, nor too quiet. When you change the
melody, baby’s sad look disappears, and becomes concentrated. Listening to a new
melody, a baby starts moving arms and legs animatedly, looking around and smiling.
During singing a merry melody, a baby is smiling, starts moving arms and kegs
animatedly. The length of such game is 203 minutes.
When you feed your baby, it’s important for him to sense the warmth of your hands
and your hugs. During feeding baby’s hands should be free, so that he could touch
and “investigate” you. Put baby’s hands on your face, let them pass over your
nose, mouth, hair and eyes. Hold and massage his hands softly. Stroke his arms
till shoulders and tell him tender words.
After bathing your baby, bring him to a big mirror. He will look at his smiling
reflection with interest. This is the most appropriate moment to tickle his tummy
and toes. Looking at the mirror and sensing your touches, a baby will learn more
It’s good to play this game when you change diapers to your baby. Put him on
his back and touch different parts of his little body, saying “flop, flop” with
each touch. Probably, a baby will start smiling and look forward to a new touch
in other place. Saying “flop, flop”, name the part of his body you touch.
Make a doll of a paper plate with a stick as a handle. Draw a cheerful face on
one side of the plate, and a sad one – on another. Turn one and another side of
the plate in front of baby’s eyes. Let him see both sad and cheerful faces. You’ll
discover that your baby likes to watch this toy, and very soon he’ll start talking
to it. He’ll be interested in a doll for a long time, as its faces will always
change each other.
If you have spare moment, have a rest with your baby. Put a baby on your chest,
making yourself comfortable on a bed or soft carpet. Your quiet rhythmic breathing
will calm baby down, and you both will be pleased with this time, spent together.
Tender care about babies forms their feelings and makes them loving and receptive.
Singing of lullabies while lulling your baby, develops his trust to you excellently.
Remember, invent your own lullabies. Sing or retell them, while lulling and hugging
your baby strongly.
What do we look at?
Every time you change entourage, you give your baby a chance to see something
Take your baby in your hands and hold him the way he could see everything around.
Go for a walk around a room with him, stopping in front of objects of bright colors
or unusual shape. Let a baby look at them for some time. Sing him some song on
any tune, and then a baby will understand that you’re doing a pleasant thing together.
When you put your baby down in his cot, take care there’s something he’d be interested
to examine there.
Lying on his back, a baby follows moving of a bright toy not only in vertical
and horizontal level, but also around the circle, fluently moving his eyes and
head. When a toy suddenly disappears, he freezes and turns his head and body,
searching for the lost object. Put on a doll on your hand and move it in different
directions – up and down, forward and back, around the circle. Raise your finger
and imitate bee’s hum. Buzz and move your finger in the air, imitating bee’s flying.
Baby’s eyes will follow a “bee”. Put a “bee” on a baby, tickling him slightly.
Repeat this many times. Now raise your baby’s finger, move it like you did with
your own one, and touch your own cheek with it.
After getting used to lying on a tummy, a baby follows moving of a toy in this
position too, rising himself on his elbows. Place funny toys right in front of
a baby. Put a pillow under baby’s chest. This way it will be easier for him to
hold his head and he’ll be able to look around. Adjust a mirror in front of him,
so that he could see “another baby”. While a baby is lying on his tummy, his world
is limited, if he’s lifted a little, then his hands can touch, investigate surroundings.
Lifting your baby a little on a pillow, tell him about everything he can see.
In the age of 3 moths children make an outstanding discovery – a “revelation”
of their own hands. Put a baby on his back and talk to him tenderly, trying to
get his entire attention. Put a baby’s hand on his cheek gently. While doing this
tell him: “What a nice little hand”. Some time later, begin to hold his hand directly
in front of his eyes before and after you put it on his cheek. A child will get
used to connect a sense of pleasure with a view of his own hand. Pull on a bright
sock on baby’s hand. You’ll notice him approaching his hand to his eyes, so that
to examine it.
What do we listen to?
When hearing a toy sounding, a baby turns his head into its direction.
Put a cuff with a little bell on baby’s hand (if you’re going to leave a baby
alone, put a cuff off for sure). Shake baby’s hand carefully, so that he would
look at it and see a bell. Then put this cuff on his other hand and shake it again,
little stronger this time. This exercise will help your baby to know better his
parts of the body and develop coordination of hands and eyes. Attach a jingle
to baby’s bootees or a sock. Every time when moving a leg, a baby will hear a
tinkling of jingle (you should put a sock off when your baby is going to sleep).
A baby likes listening to music, especially rhythmic one. Turn on a melody with
a clear rhythm for him. Try to clap your hands keeping time with music or do it
with the help of wooden spoons, tambourine or two clothes-pegs. Listen to a quick
and slow music, loud and quiet. Some time later a baby will learn to notice changes
of the rhythm. Put a clock near a baby, and let him hear its ticking. This will
acquaint a baby with a sense of rhythm, and, may be, help him falling asleep.
Discerning sounds, including high and low ones, is one of the most developed
abilities of new-born babies. Clasp a baby to your bosom tightly and spell a baby’s
name tenderly. Now spell the same words with a tender, but low voice. Change the
tone of your voice several times.
In summer, before afternoon sleep, bring a baby on the fresh air and place him
near a tree, so that he could observe leaves moving. Hang some light objects,
uttering low sounds, on branches of a tree. A baby will listen to them. Bells
or beads can utter melodic, pleasant sounds, when swaying by the wind. Tell your
baby about sounds. Use the words “tender”, “high”, “ding-dong” and others that
will show you good. Remember, sounds should calm your baby down. Listen to music,
holding baby in your hands and dancing slowly.